African Lion

Name

African Lion

Scientific Name

Panthera leo

Characteristics

Lions are the only cats that live in social groups, called prides. All of a pride's females are related and female cubs typically stay with the group as they grow up. Young male cubs will leave the group once they are mature to start their own pride. 

Males and females take on different roles in the pride. Male lions spend their time guarding their territory and their cubs. They maintain the boundaries of their territory by roaring, marking it with urine, and chasing off intruders. Their thick manes, a unique trait to male lions, protect their necks when they fight.

Female lions are the primary hunters of the group. Lionesses hunt together using teamwork to isolate their prey and chase them down.  

Pride members communicate with one another by roaring. Both males and females have a very powerful roar that can be heard up to 8 km (5 miles) away.

Diet

Lions are carnivores. We feed them a mixture of meats including chicken, pork and deer.

Size Fact

Male lions weigh on average 190kg and females 130kg.

Food Fact

A lion can eat up to 30kg in one sitting!

Fun Fact

Lions can sleep for up to 20 hours a day!

IUCN Red list

African lions are listed on the IUCN red list as Vulnerable.

Where do I live?

Lions are found in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa
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