Shire Horse


Shire Horse

Scientific Name

Equus Callabus


Horses are renowned for their strength and agility. They were one of the first animals to be domesticated by humans; it is believed that the domestication of horses was widespread by 3000BC. Since then, humans have utilised the horse’s strength and speed to help with farming and transportation. 

Shire horses are thought to have descended from the ‘Great Horse’ (a popular war mount in medieval England). It is likely that the Shire Horse descends from Cambridgeshire and Lincolnshire.

Shire horses are known for being the biggest species of draft (working) horse; the average height for a stallion is 17 hands high (173cm). 


Horses mostly eat grass, leaves and twigs. They are also fed hay in captivity.

Size Fact

 Shire horses have an average height of 16-18 hands.

Food Fact

Horses love garlic! We add it to our horses’ feed. It also acts as a natural fly repellent.

Fun Fact

Despite their size, Shire horses are a perfect example of gentle giants.

IUCN Red list

Domestic horses are not evaluated on the IUCN red list. However Shire horses are in danger of becoming extinct in the UK. According to the Rare Breeds Survival Trust (RBST) only 240 Shire horses were registered in the UK last year.

Where do I live?

Horses are a domesticated species. It is believed that they originated from Eurasia.

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