Lanner Falcon


Lanner falcon

Scientific Name

Falco biarmicas


Lanner falcons are powerful birds that are built for speed. They are closely related to the fastest bird on Earth, the Peregrine falcon. Lanner falcons are also very agile birds and can change direction very quickly whilst in flight.

Falcons have long been a source of inspiration for engineers. The tiny cone in a falcon’s nostril even inspired the design of the modern jet engine!

The lanner falcon is diurnal (most active during the day). They are adept at hunting and are renowned for their ability to seize and crush birds in mid-air, before swooping down to the ground to eat the prey.

Like all falcons, lanner falcons have a tomial tooth (a small notch in their beak) which they use to dismember prey.

After mating, the female lays 3-4 eggs which are incubated for 32 days. Once hatched, chicks will fledge (leave the nest) within 1-2 months.


Lanner falcons mostly eat small birds. They may also eat small mammals, reptiles, insects and, on occasion, carrion (dead animals).

Size Fact

Full-grown lanner falcons can weigh up to 900g.

Food Fact

Lanner falcons can hunt cooperatively, working in pairs to chase and catch prey.

Fun Fact

Unlike most birds of prey which dive on their prey, lanner falcons approach their prey horizontally.

IUCN Red list

Lanner falcons are currently listed as Least Concern on the IUCN red list.

Where do I live?

These birds are found in Africa, the Middle East and some parts of the Mediterranean.

Daily talk

The Lanner falcon frequently features in the Bird of Prey Display.

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