Steller’s Sea Eagle


Steller’s Sea Eagle

Scientific Name

Haliaeetus Pelagicus


The Steller’s sea eagle was named after a 18th century zoologist and explorer, Georg Wilhelm Steller.

These birds have an enormous, strongly arched yellow bill and females are generally larger than the males. They have powerful feet with curved talons and rough pads that are perfect for grasping slippery fish and other prey. The younger birds have dark brown and lighter mottled feathers and orange beaks. Adult plumage and colouration is acquired after 4-5 years.

Steller’s sea eagles are monogamous which means they mate for life. Nests called ‘aeries’ are built high up on the trees. The nests are large, they can be well over 2 meters wide, and made from twig and branches. Each year, when the parents return to the nest, they add more to the nest for repair. This can cause the nest to become too heavy, resulting in it collapsing!


They feed mainly on fish. Feeding on birds such as ducks and wood grouse, hares, young seals and carrion have also been observed.

Size Fact

The Steller’s sea eagle is one of the largest eagles in the world

Food Fact

Their favourite food is salmon.

Fun Fact

They will stand in the water and grab fish as they swim by!

IUCN Red list

Vulnerable. This species faces many threats due to human activity. The logging industry and coastal developments have altered habitats and over fishing and hydroelectricity dams on rivers are depleting the food source.

Where do I live?

Steller’s sea eagles are native to eastern Russia and migrate to Japan over winter.

Back to the top