Common Crane


Common Crane

Scientific Name

Grus grus


Cranes are large, graceful birds.  They are recognisable due to their long legs, beak and neck.

The common crane’s plumage (feathers) is mostly pale grey. However, they have dark grey necks, chins and throats and a patch of bare skin, red in colour, on the top of their heads. Common cranes are the most widely distributed crane in the world.

Breeding pairs of cranes are monogamous. Couples often ‘sing’ to one another to affirm their bond; this is known as unison calling. Cranes are also known for ‘dancing’. They move their bodies, bob their heads and leap around; this is usually to impress the opposite sex during courtship. However, the crane’s dance can also be a sign of aggression.


Cranes are omnivores. They mostly eat plant matter, nuts, grain, small fish and insects.

Size Fact

A full-grown, full-sized crane’s wingspan can reach up to 2 meters wide.

Food Fact

Cranes have been known to eat other birds’ eggs.

Fun Fact

In Japanese culture, cranes are a symbol of peace.

IUCN Red list

Least concern.

Where do I live?

Common cranes originate from Eurasia. 

Our animals

At Noah’s Ark Zoo Farm, we have two types of crane: the common crane and the grey-crowned crane.

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