Yemen Chameleon

Name                 Yemen Chameleon

Scientific Name

Chamaeleo calyptratus


The Yemen (or veiled) chameleon has a ridged back and a long tail that it uses for balance. It also has a distinctive casque on the top of its head.

This chameleon is well-adapted for living in trees; it has a tiny claw on each toe which it uses for grip when climbing. Their bodies are virtually ‘leaf shaped’ and are flattened from side to side. This helps them remain camouflaged in their surroundings.

Chameleons are perhaps most famous for their ability to change colour. They do this in order to camouflage with their surroundings; this protects them as they can remain hidden from predators. Chameleons also change colour to display their mood and they use this amazing feature in territorial disputes and mating displays.

Female chameleons change colour during the mating season. They turn from their usual bright green to a very dark green and also develop blue and yellow spots. They lay their eggs within 18 hours of successful mating.


Chameleons are insectivores; they survive on insects alone.

Size Fact

Yemen chameleons can grow to 50cm long.

Food Fact

Chameleons use their long tongue to catch insects!

Fun Fact

Chameleons’ eyes move independently of one another, meaning that they can look in two directions at once!

IUCN Red list

The veiled chameleon is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN red list. 

Where do I live?

Yemen chameleons are native to the Middle East.

Our animals  We have a Yemen chameleon called Ziggy.


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