Water Buffalo

 Name

Water Buffalo

Scientific Name

Bubalus bubalis

Characteristics

At up to more than a tonne in weight, Water buffalo are huge, powerful animals. They have ribbed horns that are heavy set at the base and narrower at the tip. Males have larger horns than the females, sometimes spanning over two meters.

As the name implies, they are often found wallowing in water and muddy areas. They do this to keep cool as they have very few sweat glands. Another reason is to protect them from biting insects.

Water buffalo live in stable clans of females and their young, led by a dominant matriarch. At around the age of three, young males will leave, normally to join bachelor groups. 

Diet

Water buffalo are herbivores. They will eat grass, herbs, aquatic plants, leaves, agricultural crops, and various other vegetation that grows in or along rivers and streams.   

Size Fact

They stand at 1.5 – 1.9 meters tall at the shoulder

Food Fact

Their favourite food is grass.

Fun Fact

Their size deters all wild predators apart from the Tiger

IUCN Red list

Endangered

Numbers are declining due to hunting, habitat loss and degradation as agricultural land use expands. They also mate with domestic and/or feral buffalo, producing hybrids. 

Where do I live?

The species is found in wet habitats ranging from riverine forests, woodlands and grasslands, to marshes and swamps across Asia. 

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