They have thick swept-back horns that help control their temperature in hot places by losing a lot of heat.
Water Buffalo like standing in water but do not need to. They are hardy animals, much less prone to foot problems and mastitis than European cattle.
They live a long time too, often 20 year olds are found even in the biggest herds.
Buffalo produce high quality milk (8.5% butterfat, 4.5% protein) with low (8mg) cholesterol, which is highly sought after for Buffalo Mozzarella Cheese, ice-cream, yoghurt, and for the Asian community to drink and to make into makhan, khoa and sweets.
Buffalo belong to the Bovidae (cattle) family but cannot be crossed with cows, unlike American Bison which can.